Type: Essays

Resources relating to fighting poverty, living with limited resources, and international development issues.
  • Accessibility & Affordability of Tertiary Ed. - Brazil Colombia Mexico Peru
    • This paper examines the financing of tertiary education in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, comparing the affordability and accessibility of tertiary education with that in high-income countries. To measure affordability, the authors estimate education costs, living costs, grants, and loans.
  • Aid Architecture: Overview of Trends in Official Devel. Assistance Flows
    • This paper provides background data and analysis to help inform upcoming discussions on the role of IDA in the global aid architecture. The paper reviews broad trends in Official Development Assistance (ODA) flows; the growing complexity of the existing global aid architecture; and the prospects and challenges facing the donor community going forward.
  • Conditional Cash Transfers in Education
    • This paper presents an evaluation of multiple variants of a commonly used intervention to boost education in developing countries – the conditional cash transfer – with a student level randomization that allows the authors to generate intra-family and peer-network variation.
  • Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Interventions for the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe
    • This occasional paper provides an overview of evidence-based interventions for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing particularly on home-based services. Examples of projects in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe are detailed. Common principles of best practice that emerge from an assessment of these projects are highlighted.
  • Education and Gender Series
    • These papers on education and gender contribute to improving policy development and practice by presenting new learning and examples of good practice in a clear and straightforward manner, with recommendations for action.
  • Education and HIV/AIDS: Ensuring Education Access for Orphans and Vulnerable Children – A Training Module
    • This module is based on an analysis of information from two kinds of sources. The first is a review of current literature on OVC and their access to basic education. The second source of information is based on a series of interviews and discussions with many people who have field experience with orphans, access to education, subsidies, and social fund issues.
  • Education and HIV/AIDS: Window of Hope
    • The central message of this paper is that the education of children and youth merits the highest priority in a world afflicted by HIV/AIDS. This is because a good basic education ranks among the most effective—and cost-effective—means of HIV prevention.
  • Environment Strategy 2001 Document
    • The goal of the World Bank's Environment Strategy is to promote environmental improvements as a fundamental element of the development and poverty reduction strategies and actions. The Strategy has three interrelated objectives: improving people's quality of life, improving the prospects for and the quality of growth, and protecting the quality of the regional and global environmental commons.
  • Ethical Approaches to Gathering Information from Children and Adolescents in International Settings: Guidelines and Resources
    • This publication aims to provide practical guidance to help program managers and researchers understand and uphold ethical standards when planning and implementing information-gathering activities among children and adolescents, and promote discussion of ethical issues when working with children and adolescents among people of different backgrounds and training who gather information for different purposes.
  • Financing Lifelong Learning
    • This paper describes and analyzes different financial schemes to promote lifelong learning. Considered are financial instruments to stimulate successful early learning, financial aid schemes and subsidization mechanisms.
  • Funding Higher Education - The Contribution of Economic Thinking
    • Recent experience in industrialized, transition and developing economies shows a world-wide trend towards greater reliance on tuition fees and student loans to finance the expansion of HE. After a brief summary of debates on HE finance in the 1960s and 1970s, this paper examines the influence of economic thinking in the last 20 years on debate and policy on HE finance in selected OECD countries, transition economies and developing countries.
  • Girls’ Education in Africa: What Do We Know About Strategies That Work?
    • The purpose of this study is to assist countries to develop effective girls’ education strategies by providing a comprehensive review of what we know and do not know about successful strategies.
  • Girls’ Education in Rwanda
    • The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverishing the population, particularly women, and eroded the country's human resource base. All school activities were stopped for a year, school infrastructure was destroyed, and teachers and children were killed or displaced. Rwanda has much to do to rebuild its infrastructure and improve the quality of schooling for all children.
  • Global Trends in University Governance
    • In this paper we are concerned with the way that governments plan and direct their tertiary education sectors. The term “governance” is used to describe all those structures, processes and activities that are involved in the planning and direction of the institutions and people working in tertiary education.
  • Last in Line, Last in School: How Donors are Failing Children in Conflict-affected Fragile States
    • In recent years the international community has recognised that the right to education is achievable and has mobilised to make it a reality. But existing measures to support universal primary education (UPE) and achieve the education Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are not reaching children living in CAFS. These children are being denied the transformative effects that education can bring.
  • Learning to Survive: How Education for All Would Save Millions of Young People from HIV/AIDS
    • New research presented in this report shows that if every child completed primary school, at least 7 million new cases of HIV would be prevented over a decade. A good general education enables people to understand, evaluate, and apply facts, including facts about AIDS.
  • Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, Chronic Crises, and Early Reconstruction
    • The Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies (MSEE) are both a handbook and an expression of commitment, developed through a broad process of collaboration, that all individuals have a right to education during emergencies.
  • Mobilizing the Private Sector for Public Education
    • The accumulation of human capital is one of the top priorities in developing and developed countries alike. Historically, ensuring access to primary education has been seen as a predominantly public responsibility. However, governments are increasingly sharing this responsibility through a variety of subsidiary arrangements.
  • Never Again: Educational Reconstruction in Rwanda
    • "Never Again" covers the provision of education for the people of Rwanda, including internally displaced persons and returning refugees. It emphasizes the work of the Minstry of Education in reconstructing the education system.
  • Rewrite the Future: Education for Children in Conflict-affected Countries
    • There are various factors keeping these children out of school, but one of the biggest barriers, and the most difficult to tackle, is conflict. As well as killing and injuring millions of children, conflict disrupts normal life, forces millions of families to flee their homes, separates children from their families, and reduces schools to rubble.
  • UNESCO Nairobi Cluster: United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development
    • This paper has been prepared by UNESCO-Nairobi and UNEP and is intended to guide in the development and implementation of strategic frameworks for DESD in the UNESCO Nairobi cluster countries. Its purpose is to inform national authorities responsible for education in the cluster countries on the goals of the Decade, the contextualization of ESD in Africa and at country level, the relevant policy issues, role of stakeholders, guidelines for implementation, monitoring and evaluation of DESD activities.
  • Where Peace Begins – Education’s Role in Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding
    • Part of the purpose of this report is to set out – on the basis of Save the Children’s experience – what we believe to be the impact of conflict on children and on their education. The report also sets out our understanding of how education can make conflicts worse and how education – the right sort of education – can support peace.