Type: Articles

This portal covers many topics of managing a non-governmental organization (NGO) or non-profit group including grant writing, staff training, and designing and monitoring projects.
  • A Simple Format for NGOs to Write Job Descriptions for Their Staff
    • Maintaining job descriptions not only reflect the effectiveness of the organizationís human resource policy, they also lay out clarification for the staff and mitigate any conflicts in the future. Here is some basic information about what job description is and how it can be developed.
  • Adopting Grantmaking Practices
    • The article describes the process for the foundations and the interested organizations in the grantmaking. It discusses request for proposals, foundation-initated proposals, challenge endowment grants, and grant to individuals. The examples used are organizations from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Colombia, and India.
  • Aga Kahn Development Network
    • The Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) is a group of development agencies with mandates that include the environment, health, education, architecture, culture, microfinance, rural development, disaster reduction, the promotion of private-sector enterprise and the revitalisation of historic cities.
  • Aga Khan Foundation
    • The foundation awards grants to grassroots organizations testing innovative approaches in the field. The issues they focus on are health, education, rural development, and civil society. The geographical regions are in South and Central Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East.
  • An Introduction to Advocacy: Training Guide
    • This article is designed to promote the advocacy process to a diverse audience, build basic advocacy skills, and give users the confidence and skills to make their issue known.
  • An Introduction to Grant Reports: Tips and Tools for Preparing Reports for you Funders
    • This article describes how to follow up on the grant writing process. It can tells what information you should include, what steps you can take to make your report more effective, and what software you might use to get the job done.
  • An Overview of Tactical Mapping
    • A comprehensive history of tactical mapping as a tool, as well as some detailed examples of its application.
  • Asia and the Pacific Regional Forun on Strengthening Partnerships with Faith-Based Organizations in Addressing ICPD
    • This article describes how NGOs and other nonprofits can work with faith-based organizations to further their strategic goals.
  • Assessing Effectiveness and Making Refinements
    • This chapter shows you how you will use the outcome evaluation plan developed in the first chapter to identify what changes (e.g., in knowledge, attitudes, or behavior) occurred as a result of the program. Together, the progress and outcome evaluations will tell you how the program is functioning and why. This section will help you revise your plans and conduct outcome evaluation.
  • Association for Progressive Communications (APC) Women's Support Programme
    • The APC Women's Support Programme is a global network of women networking for women's empowerment through the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs). It is part of the "Association for Progressive Communications", an international network of civil society organizations dedicated to empowering and supporting groups and individuals. Website is in English, Spanish, and French.
  • Bridging Differences and Building Collaboration: The Critical Role of Leadership
    • This articles describes the strategy of bridging leadership, a method of organizational leadership that focuses on effecting real changes and bringing multiple stakeholders together to solve common problems.
  • Bridging the Social Divide: A Grounded View of Partnership-Building in Latin America, Southeast Asia, Southern Africa and North America
    • This article is a case study and analysis of different examples of successful partnerships from around the world. It offers practical advice to NGOs for building and maintaining partnerships with various other stakeholder groups and for maximizing the impact that these partnerships have.
  • Building Bridges Across Sectors
    • This article covers the issue of the leading role foundations can play in building bridges between civil society, government, and the business sector. The topics are enhancing individual and corporate social responsibility, fostering partnerships for the environment, exercising a leadership role in partnership building, and a multi-sectoral commission to reform education. The article provides case studies of each topic in the following countries: Ecuador, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.
  • Building Bridges in Rural Mexico: How NGOs can Strengthen Local Government through Collaborative Leadership
    • This article explains how a collaboration between the local government and the NGOs can achieve goals. The case study is based in Mexico.
  • Capturing Change In Womenís Realities
    • First, this document provides a broad overview of common challenges with monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and identifies practices for engaging in M&E to strengthen organizational learning and more readily capture the complex changes that womenís empowerment and gender equality work seek. Next it offers an analysis of a large number of M&E frameworks and tools, along with some of their strengths and weaknesses in assessing rights and gender equality processes.
  • CARE International Strategic Plan 2007-2012
    • CARE International's strategic plan for the years 2007-2012. Included are ways to improve governance within the organization and various projects to underway to decrease poverty in underdeveloped nations.
  • Charles Stewart Mott Foundation
    • This organization provides opportunities for non-profit organizations who are seeking funds. Their programs are civil society, environment, and pathways out of poverty. The organization focuses on United States, Central and Eastern Europes, the former Soviet Union, and South Africa.
  • Code of Ethics & Conduct for NGOs
    • WANGO published a code of ethics book for NGOs to use within their organizations. The publication consists of guiding principles, NGO integrity, mission and activities, governance, human resources, public trust, financial and legal, fundraising, and partnership, collaboration and networking.
  • Code of Ethics & Conduct for NGOs (Arabic version)
    • WANGO published a code of ethics book for NGOs to use within their organizations. The publication consists of guiding principles, NGO integrity, mission and activities, governance, human resources, public trust, financial and legal, fundraising, and partnership, collaboration and networking.
  • Code of Ethics & Conduct for NGOs (Spanish version)
    • WANGO published a code of ethics book for NGOs to use within their organizations. The publication consists of guiding principles, NGO integrity, mission and activities, governance, human resources, public trust, financial and legal, fundraising, and partnership, collaboration and networking.
  • Code of Ethics for Cameroon Civil Society Organizations
    • The article is a summarized code of ethics on civil society organizations. It can be for Cameroon and other countries that have CSOs. It discusses the governance, integrity, and financial aspects of the CSOs.
  • Code of Good Practice in the Management and Support of Aid Personnel
    • The article is written by People in Aid. It reviews the principles of good governance in NGOs, such as human resources strategy, staff policies and practices, communication, and other resources.
  • Community Based Participatory Research
    • This article explains the principles of Community Based Participatory Research: an interdisciplinary research methodology in which scientific professionals and members of a specific community work together as equal partners in the development, implemenation, and dissemination of research that is relevant to the community.
  • Community Empowerment
    • The training material on these pages is aimed at attacking poverty on two levels, the indvidual level, where organizing a credit organization and training in micro-enterprise is featured, and at the community level, where mobilization and management training are aimed at empowering low income communities.
  • Community Project Design
    • The training documents in this module include trainers notes, workshop handouts, and participants notes on the preparation of a community project design.
  • Counterpart International
    • Counterpart International provides grant opportunities for capacity building. The areas they focus on are economic development, food security and nutrition, and building effective governance and institutions.
  • Country Information - Peru
    • This page provides information about laws and tax codes that affect what types of non-governmental organizations can be formed in Peru, what kind of donations and funding they are able to receive, and the legal (and taxation) implications of receiving these donations.
  • Country Information - Uganda
    • Information about laws and tax codes that affect what types of non-governmental organizations can be formed in Uganda; what kind of donations and funding they are able to receive; and the legal (and taxation) implications of receiving these donations.
  • Covering Rural Territory
    • The article reviews six rural service structures for foundatioins: consolidated service, area fund, federation, service bureau, incubator, and partnership. In each structure, the article discusses the terminology and characteristics, the goals and rationale, the relationship with rural stakeholders, mechanism for governance and representation, management structure, staffing structure, method of endownment building, investment policies, non-grantmaking program activities, grantmaking activities, cost/benefit considerations, overall pros and cons, and examples.
  • Defining Strategies and Roles
    • The article discusses how foundations can strengthen civil society, empower individuals and institutions to overcome poverty, and search for new approaches to sustainable economic development. Each topic does include the role of the NGOs and how they can assit with achieving these goals. The case studies are in Mozambique, Ecuador, and the Philippines.
  • Developing and Pretesting Concepts, Messages, and Materials
    • This chapter is showing the importance and the purpose of developing and pretesting messages and materials . The chapter will show different steps of developping and pretesting messages and materials. in this chapter you will find also actions required in each step of developping and pretesting.
  • District-Based Disability Organisations Project Phase III: Report of the Capacity Building Workshops of the Sub-County Leaders of Persons with Disabilities (PWD) in Lira District (Uganda)
    • Reports the experiences and results of a project meant to address the problem of inadequate mobilization of people with disabilities to participate in mainstream development programs of both Government and other stakeholders in the Lira District in Uganda.
  • Effective NGO Governance
    • An article which discusses methods and techniques to plan and implement actions for improving an organization's governance.
  • Empowering People and Strengthening Organizations Through Asset-Based Approaches
    • An article that teaches NGOs to find their strengths and utilize them to make the greatest possible social impact.
  • Engines for Building Rural Endowments
    • The webpage is a guide for foundation leaders to strategize how to build more and better permanently endowed assets. Each step has a link to expand on the step's criteria. This guide is focused on rural areas and issues.
  • Funding Grid Tool
    • MANGO provides a tool for NGO budgeting, especially for an NGO that is funded by several grants. There is a sample funding grid to help get the whole idea of its function.
  • GlobalGiving: Open Challenge Toolkit
    • Global Giving has a fundraiser challenge and the winner will gain a spot on the organization's list, and the benefits includes networking possibilities. The website consists of a tool-kit to begin fundraising, public relations resources, and success stories. It also provides information on the organziation and the process to sign up for the challenge.
  • Grant Writing Manual
    • Key steps to successful grant proposals
  • Guidelines to Grant Writing
    • Preparation is vital to the grant-writing process. Solid planning and research will simplify the writing stage. A well-written proposal follows the basic steps in this document.
  • How NGOs Can Manage Staff Remotely
    • The website discusses how NGOs can manage their staffs when they encounter unexpected circumstances. The circumstances can range from conflict-prone areas to unexpected natural disasters to limited financial resources.
  • How Partnerships Work
    • This web page outlines important qualities of partnerships and offers advice for NGOs on the process of building effective partnerships.
  • How to Train NGO Staff in Fundraising
    • The website provides a variety of information about training NGO staff in fundraising. the information includes the orientation structure, the job descriptions, the preparation of staff in fundraising work, the organization of training staff, training tasks, a list of what the staff should not do, the exploration of donor agencies online, the donor databases, how to build an online reputation of the NGO, and how the fundraising staff can write project proposals.
  • How to Write a Concept Note
    • The website describes what a concept note is, it's functions, the note's format, and the contents of the note.
  • How to Write a Proposal
    • The website introduces the purpose of proposals and explains the challenges of proposal writing. The writing process includes the gathering of data on the organization, the actual proposal, the problem statement and project rationale, the project goal, the project objectives, the strategies and activities, the performance indicators, the results, the monitoring and evaluation, and the budget and proposal package.
  • Human Rights, Health, and Poverty Reduction Strategies
    • This paper seeks to strengthen efforts to achieve the MDGs by helping policymakers incorporate human rights into the design and implementation of the health component of national poverty reduction strategies (PRSs).
  • Implementing the Program
    • This chapter is showing different steps of implimenting a program.
  • International NGOs and Poverty Reduction Strategies: The contribution of an Asset-Based Approach
    • This article explores the various strategies of United States and United Kingdom non-governmental organization in poverty reduction and their applicability to international non-governmental organizations.
  • International Statement of Ethical Principles in Fundraising
    • The statement is about the principles of fundraising for organizations. The main five principles are honesty, respect, integrity, empathy and transparency.
  • Knowledge Base
    • Fifteen commonly asked questions and their answers regarding raising money to fund NGOs.
  • Leading Tatics for Rural Fund Development
    • This article is a guide to make fundraising in rural regions easier. The focuses are understanding endowment in the community, working with individual donors, engaging the community in building community assets, and targeting community funds for community outcomes.
  • Mobilization Intervention
    • This series of training modules for the empowerment of low income communities includes a set of several documents about this intervention process.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
    • This module looks at and describes the process of monitoring and its sister process, evaluation; what is to be done and how to do it. As well as showing the skills needed by mobilizers, it looks at monitoring from a wider perspective, including but not limited to the roles of mobilizers.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation Guidelines
    • This article briefly explains what a participatory evaluation is and how to conduct one. It is written to be a short guide for people who want to learn the basics of participatory evaluation.
  • Monitoring Election Campaign Finance: A Handbook for NGOs
    • A systematic effort to consolidate the experiences and knowledge of a wide variety of campaign finance monitoring efforts. Provides a collection of existing good practices and lessons, organized in the form of both practical guidelines and discussions of key concepts, to assist non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in designing and carrying out effective campaign finance monitoring and reform programs in their own countries.
  • Negotiating the Volunteer-Nonprofit Relationship: Making a Successful Match
    • This page give advice on how to best interact with and utilize your volunteer power.
  • New Tactics in Human Rights
    • New Tactics in Human Rights is project of the Center for Victims of Torture. The project connects the broad human rights community around the world to share experiences, resources and tactical ideas to advance their own human rights advocacy efforts. Website in English but selected materials are translated into many languages.
  • NGO Code of Conduct
    • The article is an agreement between the Gambia government and the NGOs operating in The Gambia. The agreemnet is a code of conduct and includes the procedures on the recognition of NGOs and the NGOs' relations with the communities, other NGOs, funders, and itself.
  • NGO Fundraising & Sustainability
    • The website explains the steps to constructing a fundraising plan and ensuring the NGO's sustainability. The plan steps includes the objectives, methodology, and expands on a list of possible services.
  • NGO Organizational Development
    • This article explains organizational development in non-governmental organizations.
  • Non-Profits on E: How Non-Profit Organisations are Using the Internet for Communication, Fundraising, and Community Building
    • This study draws on research and literature from the disciplines of media studies, information technology and marketing theory to construct the argument that non-profit organisations can benefit from new developments in digital media technology and will have to adapt new strategies as a result of these technologies.
  • Organizational Development: Leadership
    • This article will help manager address their own leadership style and determine how to best manage and run their organization.
  • Organizational Development: Organizational Structure
    • This article helps managers review an organizationís structure and determine which human, financial, and technical resources are available, how they should be allocated, and which resources are lacking.
  • Organizational Development: Program Design and Management
    • This module will enable a manager to understand the various components of program design, implementation, and management; recognize key elements in proposal preparation; use participatory processes more effectively; understand the links between programs and organizational goals; use various formats for planning, monitoring, or resource allocation with greater ease; and recognize how well-designed program plans can be used to market the organization.
  • Organizational Development: Strategic Planning
    • Guides leaders in the formation of a strategic plan -- a vital element of any successful organization.
  • Organizational Management: Financial Management
    • This module will enable managers to review financial documents with comprehension; understand budget preparation and monitoring; recognize the importance of implementing sound financial controls; monitor the impact of changing program plans on resource requirements; use financial data and information for decision-making; calculate realistic funding needs and identify appropriate sources; and minimize risks of financial difficulties for the organization.
  • Organizational Management: Human Resources Management
    • This module will enable a manager to develop staff using on-the-job and off-the-job techniques; institute various motivating initiatives to boost staff morale, willingness to work, and job satisfaction; prepare and adopt personnel policies that meet staff and organizational objectives; and establish an effective supervisory system that will assure optimal staff performance and overall program effectiveness.
  • Organizational Management: Monitoring and Evaluation and Management Information Systems (MIS)
    • A managerís effectiveness is largely dependent on the existence of an equally effective management information system MIS. An MIS provides information on a variety of different organizational functions, allowing a manager to plan, monitor, and evaluate operations and performance. MIS outputs also enable a manager to make strategic decisions and intelligent choices that shape an organizationís future vision and mission.
  • Organizational Sustainability
    • This module will enable a manager to understand and communicate the most important elements of sustainability to staff and Board members; conduct an analysis of the organizationís readiness and capability to undertake initiatives that will increase options for sustainability; review the feasibility of practical initiatives for increasing revenue or support at all levels; and establish detailed plans to increase self-sufficiency or sustainability.
  • Planning and communication strategy
    • This chapter is showing how planning is the foundation for your entire health communication program and how it will enable your program to produce meaningful results instead of just boxes of materials. The chapter will show you different steps of planning and actions required in each step.
  • Planning for Success: Participatory Project Planning
    • This manual offers processes and practical activities that maximize the input and ownership of your project, long before you raise the first dollar. One goal is to help you be sure that your plans best suit current needs and available resources. Another goal is that the process you use to develop your project also strengthens your organization, thereby ensuring a strong and successful future.
  • Poverty Reduction Strategies
    • Provides information from the World Bank about Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) and the process that governments use to develop them in consultation with civil society and development partners.
  • Principles and Practices for Nonprofit Excellence
    • The article is written by the Minnesota Council of Nonprofits. It reviews the principles for nonprofit excellence, the role of nonprofits in society, the nonprofits' governance, organizational planning, the nonprofits' transparency and accountability, fundraising, financial management, human resources, and evaluation.
  • Project Proposal Writing
    • This resource was written to help small NGOs get their projects started and successfully carried out.
  • Reflective Peacebuilding: A Planning, Monitoring, and Learning Toolkit
    • The tools were designed by practitioners and scholar-practitioners for use at the community-level. They were developed over several years, as part of a learning collaboration between Catholic Relief Services (CRSí) program staff in Southeast Asia, and faculty and students at the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies. They have had hands-on testing with practitioners from around the globe.
  • Sample Grant Proposal: Sustainable Livelihood Development
    • This webpage is a sample grant proposal, and there are samples for each aspect of a proposal.
  • Sample Proposals
    • Includes 2 examples of writing private and public grants.
  • Show Me the Numbers: Can Group Fundraising Help You? Learn How Much Money You Can Expect to Earn from Group Fundraising Campaigns
    • To help you get an idea of whether group fundraising is worth your time and effort, this guide can help you estimate how much money your organization might raise through a typical campaign. It also includs information regarding how much a campaign is likely to cost in planning and processing fees, as well as tips for exceeding the group fundraising benchmark.
  • Strengthening Monitoring And Evaluation For Womenís Rights: Twelve Insights For Donors
    • These important insights into how to develop more effective monitoring and evaluation systems are important for those engaged in womenís rights and empowerment work at the grassroots, national, regional, and global level. Many of these insights are endorsed by other recent work on social impact assessment by donors and development agencies.
  • Strengthening Your Organization: A Series of Modules and Reference Materials for NGO and CBO Managers and Policy Makers (Introduction)
    • The introduction to a series of modules and reference materials compiled by the Pathfinder International Nigeria Country Office and Africa Regional Office in conjunction with Nigeria Management and Training Network.
  • Synergos: Aligning Grantmaking with Partnership
    • This website covers the issues on the relationship or partnership between the foundations and grants recipients. The elements include voluntary participation, mutual respect, common goals, transparency, trust, acceptance of conflict, equality and consensus, and partnership successes.
  • Tactical Mapping: How Nonprofits Can Identify the Levers of Change
    • Tactical mapping is a method of visualizing the relationships and institutions that surround, receive benefit from, and sustain human-rights abuses (although this article focuses specifically on human rights, tactical mapping can also be used for a range of issues on which nonprofits work).
  • Ten Tips for Funding Technology
    • Here are ten tips to help you find the funds you need to implement and sustain your critical technology strategy.
  • The Economics and Governance of Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Bangladesh
    • An article from the World Bank concerning the state of non-governmental organizations in Bangladesh.
  • The Need for New Tactics
    • An article by Douglas A. Johnson, outlining six reasons why new tactics are needed in human rights work.
  • The Role of NGOs in a Civil Society
    • This article defines what it means to be a non-governmental organziation and identifies the major roles of NGOs in society.
  • The Roles of Partnership and Bridging Leadership in Building Stronger Communities
    • This article provides a comprehensive overview of the major stakeholders in many partnerships: NGOs, government, businesses, and foundations. It describes the assets that each of them brings to partnerships and also discusses how corporate responsibility can be brought to partnerships.
  • Tool Number 4: Stakeholder Participation in Monitoring and Evaluation
    • An article from the UNFPA about evaluating and monitoring non-governmental organization research.
  • WANGO: Grant Writing Advice
    • This webpage provides grant writing questions that are answered by Dr. Michael Gershowitz (his advice). The questions range from how to get funds, what should the NGO write, to what's next for the grants.
  • Workshop on Capacity Building of NGOs in Post-Conflict Situations: Resource Guide
    • This workshop helps improve governance and management of NGOs in post-conflict situations.