Format: PDF

Resources relating to fighting poverty, living with limited resources, and international development issues.
  • 2010 MDG Report
    • 2010 MDG report covering the eight major development goals.
  • 2011 MDG Report
    • 2011 MDG report covering the eight major development goals.
  • 3 by 5 Progress Report (Russian)
    • протяжении последних двух десятилетий эпидемия ВИЧ/СПИДа остается главным препятствием для решения многих вопросов, которые стоят в глобальной повестке дня по вопросам развития. Из восьми основных направ-лений, которые охватываются Целями развития тысячелетия, шесть, а именно - сокращение бедности и детской смертности, расширение доступа к образованию, гендерное равенство, улучшение здоровья матерей, меры по борьбе с основными инфекционными заболеваниями - во многом ставятся под сомнение высокими показателями ВИЧ-инфицирования во многих странах с низким и средним уровнем дохода.
  • A Chance for Every Child
    • This book assesses whether universal primary completion can be achieved by 2015, the target date set by the Millennium Development Goals.
  • A Guide to Make your Own Maendeleo One-pot Jiko
    • Guide explains how to make a Maendeleo One-pot Jiko, plus its purpose and advantages over straight firewood.
  • A Manual on Hygiene Promotion
    • About promoting safe hygiene including What is Hygiene Promotion, 6 Steps to Hygiene Promotion, Risk Practices, Practices to Target, Motivating Behavior Change and Communicating Hygiene. Part of the UNICEF Technical Guidelines Series.
  • A Manual on School Sanitation and Hygiene
    • About the importance of school sanitation and hygiene including planning and implementing improvements at the district, national, school and community levels. Part of the UNICEF Technical Guidelines Series.
  • A Water Handbook
    • About Water and Sustainable Development including Water Resources, Community-Based Management of the Water Environment, Water and Health, Community Participation and Management, Cost and Cost Effectiveness, Water Technologies and Maintenance of Water Supply Systems. Part of the UNICEF Technical Guidelines Series.
  • Accessibility & Affordability of Tertiary Ed. - Brazil Colombia Mexico Peru
    • This paper examines the financing of tertiary education in Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, comparing the affordability and accessibility of tertiary education with that in high-income countries. To measure affordability, the authors estimate education costs, living costs, grants, and loans.
  • African Recovery - Special Edition on AIDS 2004
    • This special reprint edition of Africa Recovery documents some of the key developments in Africa’s struggle against the disease, and highlights the efforts of Africans and their international partners to turn back the tide. The articles include an analysis of the role of men in prevention, a look at efforts to reduce HIV transmission in the military, and the terrible combination of famine and HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa.
  • Aid Architecture: Overview of Trends in Official Devel. Assistance Flows
    • This paper provides background data and analysis to help inform upcoming discussions on the role of IDA in the global aid architecture. The paper reviews broad trends in Official Development Assistance (ODA) flows; the growing complexity of the existing global aid architecture; and the prospects and challenges facing the donor community going forward.
  • Alcohol Companies Target the Poor
    • Billboards (large public advertisements) and posters that promote alcohol surround poor communities around the world. Governments are often unwilling or unable to prevent this or to control what these advertisements say. This article examines why that is and how this advertising can be prevented.
  • An African Peace Process
    • This monograph outlines the origins and nature of the conflict in Burundi. It discusses the problems of establishing democracy in a region where ethnic conflict has occasioned genocide, traces the peace process in detail and assesses the prospects for the future.
  • Annual Report 2011
    • The 2011 Annual Report for the Action on Disability and Development group. PDF format.
  • Assessing National Achievement Levels in Education
    • This introductory book, describes the main features of national and international assessments, both of which became extremely popular tools for determining the quality of education in the 1990s and 2000s.
  • Bamboo Iceless Refrigerator
    • How to build a simple cooling system for food products from bamboo or other basket material.
  • Behind the Mask
    • Getting to grips with crime and violence in South Africa.
  • Biodigester Installation Manual
    • Instructions for installing a PVC biodigester system.
  • Biopesticides
    • About natural pesticides and how to use them.
  • Box Solar Cooker
    • Drawings of box solar cooker, which can be built with reflective sheet material.
  • Build a Simple Rope Pump
    • This article gives instructions on how to build a simple rope pump.
  • Cardboard Solar Cooker
    • Directions for a simple solar cooker.
  • Caught in the Storm: The Impact of Natural Disasters
    • This article explores the disproportionate vulnerability of women in disaster situations and offers recommendations for changing the effects of disasters on women's lives.
  • Changing Social Policy: The Child Support Grant in South Africa
    • This article charts the generation of the Report of the Lund Committee, which ultimately resulted in the establishment of the Child Support Grant in post-apartheid South Africa. PDF format.
  • Changing the Fourth Estate: Essays on South African Journalism
    • Edited by Adrian Hadland
  • Child and Adolescent Mental Health Policies and Plans
    • This document aims to enable countries to develop and implement appropriate, evidence-based policies and plans for child and adolescent mental health, inform those ultimately responsible for mental health policies, share workable solutions to common problems experienced by many people, and identify other resources that offer additional tools or information. PDF format.
  • Child Mortality Fact Sheet
    • Fact sheet on reducing child mortality.
  • Child Survival and Maternal Health Program
    • A USAID report focusing on strategies toward improving the health and lowering the mortality rate of children and mothers.
  • Child Welfare and Protection
    • This report summarizes the U.S. Government’s response to the child protection emergency in Haiti.
  • Community Level Behavioural Interventions for HIV Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa
    • In collaboration with several partner organizations, the project currently focuses on how children, families and communities in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe are coping with the impact of HIV/AIDS. The aim of the project is to develop models of best practise so as to enhance and improve support structures for OVC in the southern African region as a whole.
  • Conditional Cash Transfers in Education
    • This paper presents an evaluation of multiple variants of a commonly used intervention to boost education in developing countries – the conditional cash transfer – with a student level randomization that allows the authors to generate intra-family and peer-network variation.
  • Confronting the Region: A Profile of Southern Africa
    • This profile provides an understanding of the main developmental and institutional challenges that confront southern Africa. The authors highlight the political, economic and social conditions in the region and identify common trends. The paper also reviews the progress made in the promotion of greater regional integration.
  • Conservation Farming
    • About the sustainable system - Conservation Farming.
  • Cost Recovery and the Crisis of Service Delivery in South Africa
    • Based on case studies from a number of South African municipalities, this groundbreaking publication examines cost recovery and its implications for service delivery in South Africa. This study looks at how cost recovery affects access to services, affordability and privatisation. Alternatives to cost recovery are also explored.
  • Debating High Skills and Joined Up Policy
    • Debates about ‘governance’ both within and outside of the South African state are increasingly turning to the question of ‘coordination failure’ – the inability of government to make interventions in key problem areas which require the inputs and actions of several government departments and agencies acting in concert with each other.
  • Defining Orphaned and Vulnerable Children
    • This research forms part of a broader project aimed at development and evaluation of interventions for orphaned and vulnerable children. This occasional paper aims to provide a definitional framework and an understanding of orphans and vulnerability.
  • Democracy and Delivery
    • Democracy and Delivery: Urban Policy in South Africa tells the story of urban policy and its formulation in South Africa. As such, it provides an important resource for present and future urban policy processes.
  • Democracy and Governance Review: Mandela's legacy 1994-1999
    • A wide selection of eBooks available through Human Sciences and Research Council on different aspects of government in various places throughout Africa.
  • Democracy in Africa: Moving Beyond a Difficult Legacy
    • This paper examines the political and socio-economic factors that influence democratisation throughout South Africa and the African continent. The emphasis is on the policies and impact of government, business and civil society in reducing inequality and poverty. Issues of community empowerment are also examined as a way to promote sustainable development.
  • Democracy SA: Public Opinion on National Priority Issues
    • This report is based on a national survey of public opinion on issues of South African governance, politics, the economy, crime and race relations. A timeous barometer of public mood, the survey was conducted five months after the re-election of the African National Congress in 1999.
  • Democracy South Africa: Evaluating the 1999 Election
    • A number of authors assess the 1999 election in South Africa and the consolidation of democracy since 1994. Drawing on fieldworker observations, the views of political parties and other stakeholders and information from focus groups and workshops, this book evaluates the freeness, fairness and efficiency of the election process.
  • Development of Vaccines for Infectious Diseases
    • A report on strategies to accelerate the development of vaccines for disease such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis.
  • Development, Health and the Environment: Factors Influencing Infant and Child Survival in South Africa
    • This occasional paper is an analysis of the health, environmental and socio-economic factors influencing infant and child survival amongst South Africa's African and coloured population.
  • Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Interventions for the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe
    • This occasional paper provides an overview of evidence-based interventions for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing particularly on home-based services. Examples of projects in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe are detailed. Common principles of best practice that emerge from an assessment of these projects are highlighted.
  • Disability and Poverty: A Survey of World Bank Poverty Assessments and Implications
    • This paper surveys the World Bank poverty assessment literature to date on the relationship between disability and poverty.
  • Disability in Development - Experiences in Inclusive Practices
    • This publication gives an account of the experiences gained and the lessons learned in implementing CAHD in different contexts. It gives examples of CAHD at work, opening up general community services to people with disabilities, facilitating inclusion.
  • Doctors in a Divided Society
    • Much work has been done to change medical school curricula in line with the primary health-care focus of government policy, and international trends towards problem-based learning. The student profile in medical schools is now not only more representative of the demographics of South Africa, but also reveals a significant increase in female students. Whether these students will stay in the country after graduating, and serve where they are needed most, remains to be seen.
  • Does Eastern Caribbean Education Prepare Youth for the Global Economy?
    • As the global economy rapidly changes and new technologies are introduced, more highly skilled workers are required. In the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), firms struggle to fill skilled positions due to a lack of qualified candidates, while the number of unemployed low skilled workers is growing. This paradox especially affects youth.
  • Double Standards: Women's Property Rights Violations in Kenya
    • Looks at violations of women’s property rights (and the social consequences of these violations) as a result of discriminatory laws and customs, and the lack of remedies for those women who try to obtain justice from courts and traditional authorities.
  • Drip Irrigation
    • How to make your own low cost drip irrigation system.
  • Earnings Inequality in South Africa 1995 - 2003
    • It is generally accepted that the gap between the earnings of unskilled and semi-skilled workers on the one hand, and skilled and highly skilled workers, on the other, narrowed in South Africa during the 1970s and 1980s. This paper investigates whether the gap between the real earnings of highly skilled and low-skilled workers in the formal sector of the South African economy continued to narrow after this country’s transition to democracy.
  • Economic, Social And Cultural Rights: The Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative: A Human Rights Assessment Of The Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers
    • Reviews progress that has been made since 1999 in granting debt relief through to qualifying countries, and critically examines the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) process.
  • Economic, Social And Cultural Rights: The Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative: A Human Rights Assessment Of The Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (Arabic translation)
    • Reviews progress that has been made since 1999 in granting debt relief through to qualifying countries, and critically examines the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP) process. (Arabic translation).
  • Economic, Social And Cultural Rights: The Highly Indebted Poor Countries Initiative: A Human Rights Assessment Of The Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (Spanish translation)
    • Examina el progreso que ha habido desde 1999 en programas de alivio para la Estrategia de Reduccion de Pobreza.
  • Education and HIV/AIDS: Ensuring Education Access for Orphans and Vulnerable Children – A Training Module
    • This module is based on an analysis of information from two kinds of sources. The first is a review of current literature on OVC and their access to basic education. The second source of information is based on a series of interviews and discussions with many people who have field experience with orphans, access to education, subsidies, and social fund issues.
  • Education and HIV/AIDS: Window of Hope
    • The central message of this paper is that the education of children and youth merits the highest priority in a world afflicted by HIV/AIDS. This is because a good basic education ranks among the most effective—and cost-effective—means of HIV prevention.
  • Education for Rural Development: Towards New Policy Responses
    • The fact that the slow pace of progress towards universal basic education is largely due to the persistence of low enrollment rates in rural areas is often overlooked. The rural spaces is also often at a standstill in terms of economic development.
  • Education in Crisis Situations: Mapping the Field
    • The need to protect, rebuild and strengthen education systems, and provide quality education to children everywhere sits at the center of this discussion.
  • Education in Exile
    • This co-authored book re-lives the experiences of young South African exiles at the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College (SOMAFCO) in Tanzania. South Africans from all backgrounds and solidarity workers from many parts of the world showed what new ways of thinking about teaching and learning could achieve.
  • Education in Retrospect: Policy and Implementation Since 1990
    • This book reviews curriculum policy, reform and implementation in South African education. This is an edited compilation of the key presentations and discussions that took place between education policy-makers and researchers at the HSRC-sponsored Round Table in September 2000.
  • Educator Supply and Demand in the South African Public Education System
    • Education plays a key role in the development of any society. Responding to the need for empirical evidence on the demand for and supply of public educators in South Africa, the Education Labour Relations Council (ELRC) commissioned the Human Sciences Research Council-led consortium to conduct nation-wide research on the factors determining educator supply and demand in South African public education system.
  • Educator Workload in South Africa
    • Teachers spend slightly less time on their activities overall, but much less time on teaching than policy requires. There is a serious erosion of instructional time in the majority of schools, but it is worst in rural and semi-rural African schools.
  • Elusive Equity
    • Elusive Equity documents South Africa’s efforts to create a racially equitable state education system from the ashes of apartheid education. Edward Fiske and Helen Ladd describe and evaluate the strategies that South African policy makers have pursued in their quest for equity. They draw on previously unpublished data, interviews with key officials, and visits to dozens of schools to describe the changes made to school financing, teacher allocation, governance, curriculum, and other areas.
  • Emerging Voices: A Report on Education in South African Rural Communities
    • This book graphically illustrates the conditions that make the dreams of a better life for all virtually unrealisable in rural areas. Through the voices of rural people themselves, the reader is told not only what the problems are but also what can and should be done.
  • Employment and Skills in South African Exports
    • This paper compares labour absorption that arises from trade and from the domestic market. It takes this further to consider employment created by export destination. A fuller understanding of employment implications is made possible by using a social accounting matrix to take into account both direct and indirect employment.
  • Empowerment Through Economic Transformation
    • This, the third book in a trilogy studying transformation in post-apartheid South Africa, follows on two studies published in 2000: Infrastructure Mandates for Change and Empowerment through Service Delivery. This volume, with the help of 15 case studies, assesses the prospects for empowerment through economic transformation in South Africa.
  • Energy Sustainability for South Africa's Poor
    • This occasional paper provides an analysis of government efforts to improve the access of poor South African households to various energy sources, particularly electricity, on an affordable and sustainable basis. The two authors describe the energy situation of the poor and comment on essential ingredients for a sustainable energy strategy.
  • Entrepreneurship, Employment, and Skills Development: Ari Seirlis in Conversation
    • This book chapter shares an interview with Ari Seirlis, the National Director of the QuadPara Association of South Africa, about how entrepreneurship can be a valuable path to employment for workers with disabilities.
  • Environment Strategy 2001 Document
    • The goal of the World Bank's Environment Strategy is to promote environmental improvements as a fundamental element of the development and poverty reduction strategies and actions. The Strategy has three interrelated objectives: improving people's quality of life, improving the prospects for and the quality of growth, and protecting the quality of the regional and global environmental commons.
  • Environmental Health: an Islamic Perspective
    • Discusses the ways in which Islamic teachings and the views of Muslim physicians and scholars can be used to identify specific actions to protect the environment and thus promote human health. By Dr. Mohammad Haytham Al-Khayat, 1997, World Health Organization.
  • Environmental Sustainability Fact Sheet
    • Fact sheet on ensuring environmental sustainability.
  • Every Step of the Way: The Journey to Freedom in South Africa
    • In an extraordinary and engaging account this book traces the paths South Africans have followed from pre-colonial times to the democratic present, providing fascinating personal and historical details, and raising provocative questions about the choices, mistakes, contradictions and key themes in the emergence of the complex society that South Africa is today.
  • Fact Sheet on Persons with Disabilities
    • This document provides basic information about the lives of people with disabilties around the world, developed by the United Nations.
  • Factors Affecting Teaching and Learning in South African Public Schools
    • This study examines material issues affecting the quality of teaching and learning in our schools, both within and external to the classroom environment. The findings reveal significant disparities in conditions, both within and between provinces. Compounded by the effects of ill-health related to HIV/AIDS, these disparities are likely to hamper any efforts to improve the quality of teaching and learning in South African public schools, and therefore require serious attention.
  • Facts for Life
    • Facts for Life has helped to save the lives of millions of children by putting lifesaving knowledge about children‘s health into the hands of those who need it most: parents, caregivers, health workers, government officials, journalists and teachers.
  • Fertility: Current South African Issues of Poverty, HIV/AIDS & Youth
    • This collaborative volume details fertility trends in post-apartheid South Africa. Based on a 2002 conference, topics include the country's demographic fertility profile, determinants of fertility-related behaviours in the context of HIV/AIDS settings such as sexual initiation and contraceptive use and broader regional fertility issues.
  • Financing Lifelong Learning
    • This paper describes and analyzes different financial schemes to promote lifelong learning. Considered are financial instruments to stimulate successful early learning, financial aid schemes and subsidization mechanisms.
  • Finding Work: Employment Experiences of South African Graduates
    • Complementing existing labour-market research on graduates, this study provides qualitative and quantitative data relating to graduates’ experiences in the labour market. The data presented here offers a clear picture of graduate employment and includes the time it takes graduates to find employment, the factors that influence employability, the types of jobs they find, their perceptions of the relation of the level of jobs they found to their qualifications and to the sectors of employment.
  • Fish Farming
    • Directions for creating an in-ground fish pond and harvesting fish.
  • Flight of the Flamingos: A Study on the Mobility of R&D Workers
    • The study on the mobility of Research and Development (R&D) workers aims to address concerns about the sustainability of South Africa's R&D workforce and the perceived negative effects of the 'brain drain'. The final report received a high quality rating from the international reviewer.
  • Food Security and Sustainable Development in Southern Africa
    • Southern Africa experienced acute food shortages during 2002 and 2003. Against this background, the authors of this occasional paper investigate the issues around food security, assess the outlook for global food security and draw their conclusions accordingly.
  • Fragments of Democracy: Nationalism, Development and the State in Africa
    • Originally presented as a lecture, this occasional paper argues that definitions of democracy are incomplete and their meanings dependent on their historical context. The author illustrates his premise with examples taken from throughout Africa and reflects on development and debt, class and politics, African nationalism, multi-party elections, citizenship and accountability.
  • From Plan to Action: Water Supply and Sanitation for the Poor in Africa
    • Based on research conducted in Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia, this paper investigates key stages from water supply and sanitation (‘WSS’ or ‘WatSan’) ‘allocations’ in the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers to budget allocations and actual expenditure on sector outputs. Considers events or factors which may disrupt and delay the flow of funds and their translation into poverty reduction outcomes.
  • From School to Higher Education?
    • This substantive report is essential reading for those involved in higher education planning and policy-making. Based on responses to a survey done in all nine provinces of South Africa, research focuses on Grade 12 learners' intentions to enter higher education and their choices around institution and field of study.
  • Funding a Women’s Movement Against Sexual Violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo: 2004-2009
    • This article is an in-depth study of the underlying causes of violence in the region and how Global Fund support has helped women’s groups to promote women's leadership, peace, justice, and respect for human rights.
  • Funding Higher Education - The Contribution of Economic Thinking
    • Recent experience in industrialized, transition and developing economies shows a world-wide trend towards greater reliance on tuition fees and student loans to finance the expansion of HE. After a brief summary of debates on HE finance in the 1960s and 1970s, this paper examines the influence of economic thinking in the last 20 years on debate and policy on HE finance in selected OECD countries, transition economies and developing countries.
  • Gender Equality and Development
    • The main message of this year’s World Development Report is that these patterns of progress and persistence in gender equality matter, both for development outcomes and policy making.
  • Gender Equality Fact Sheet
    • Fact sheet on promoting gender equality and empowering women.
  • Gender Equity in South African Education 1994 - 2004
    • Provides readers with an overview of the progress of achieving gender equity in post-apartheid South African education. The book brings together the leading South African and international experts on gender equity in education. The papers presented at the conference, included here as chapters of the book, are all substantial contributions.
  • Gender Mainstreaming in HIV/AIDS
    • Current trends of HIV transmission and prevalence clearly show that the epidemic is fuelled by gender-based vulnerabilities. Close to 60 per cent of adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa are women, and almost 75 per cent of young people living with HIV in southern Africa are female. It is also clear that issues of gender need to be mainstreamed into attempts to curb the further spread of the epidemic.
  • Girls’ Education in Africa: What Do We Know About Strategies That Work?
    • The purpose of this study is to assist countries to develop effective girls’ education strategies by providing a comprehensive review of what we know and do not know about successful strategies.
  • Global Partnership Fact Sheet
    • Fact sheet on developing a global partnership.
  • Global Trends in University Governance
    • In this paper we are concerned with the way that governments plan and direct their tertiary education sectors. The term “governance” is used to describe all those structures, processes and activities that are involved in the planning and direction of the institutions and people working in tertiary education.
  • Going for Broke: The Fate of Farmworkers in Arid South Africa
    • This book takes the question of farm workers’ fortunes beyond the land debate, to consider their current and future livelihoods. The book argues that the question of farm workers needs to be understood as part of a broader spectrum of economic and social questions.
  • Government Incentivisation of Higher Education - Industry Research Partnerships in South Africa. An Audit of THRIP and the Innovation Fund
    • This research monograph is part of a series that explores the ways in which South African higher education and industry have formed research partnerships in response to global trends and national policy imperatives. The series examines these partnerships in relation to knowledge production, enterprise productivity and innovation in biotechnology, ICT and new materials development.
  • Grow Your Own Fertilizer and Get Animal Forage and Fuel Wood
    • Describes how to use leguminous plants to improve soil fertility. How to grow your own fertilizer and get animal forage and firewood at the same time.
  • Higher Education in Developing Countries: Peril and Promise
    • The Task Force on Higher Education and Society was convened by the World Bank and UNESCO to bring together experts from 13 countries for the purpose of exploring the future of higher education in the developing world. Based on research and intensive discussion and hearings conducted over a two-year period, the Task Force has concluded that, without more and better higher education, developing countries will find it increasingly difficult to benefit from the global knowledge-based economy.
  • HIV Risk Exposure Among Young Children
    • A study of 2-9 year olds served by public health facilities in the Free State, South Africa Commissioned by Nelson Mandela Foundation; Olive Shisana; Shaheen Mehtar (Co-Principal Investigators).
  • HIV/AIDS and Disability: New Challenges
    • Discusses why there needs to be more research into HIV/AIDS among people with disabilities, why people with disabilities are at higher risk, the stigmatization of HIV and disability, and disabled caregivers of people with AIDS. Chapter 9 in the book "Disability and Social Change: A South African Agenda." PDF format.
  • HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa
    • This report details the findings of a colloquium held in November 2003 which presented HIV/AIDS policy research conducted by the HSRC in projects across Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. The colloquium also focused on the status of orphaned and vulnerable children in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe.
  • HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases Fact Sheet
    • Fact sheet on combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.
  • HIV/AIDS, stigma and children
    • HIV/AIDS-related stigma has been recognised as a key problem that needs to be addressed in HIV/AIDS interventions with adults. The literature on children and HIV/AIDS is extensive, as is the literature on HIV/AIDS related stigma, but specific research on HIV/AIDS-related stigma and children is relatively sparse. This title provides a review of the available literature in this regard.
  • How to Construct a Firewood Saving Stove
    • How to construct a firewood-saving stove.
  • How to Get Vitamins Year Round - Solar Drying Fruit and Vegetables
    • Describes how to build a solar drier for drying fruit and vegetables so that the vitamins and minerals are preserved for later periods with limited access to these.
  • How to Grow Better Crops Using Worms to Compost Kitchen Waste - Vermiculture
    • Describes how to create good compost by using earthworms to transform waste material into enriching nutrients for the garden.
  • How to Make a Roof Water Tank
    • A description of how to build a system to collect rainwater from the roof by using a tubular plastic tank in the ground.
  • How to Make Clean Water by Using Sunlight and Moringa Seeds
    • Describes how to make safe drinking water by using solar radiation, and how to purify turbid water (unclear because of dissolved material) with seeds of the Moringa tree.
  • How to Make Soy Milk, Sprouted Soy Beans and Soy Yoghurt
    • Describes how to make soy milk, soy yoghurt and the soy "meat" used in food.
  • How to Restore and Protect a Natural Area
    • This article is on how to restore and protect local natural areas.
  • How to Reuse Wastewater from Kitchen and Bath in a Safe Way
    • Describes how to reuse wastewater from kitchen and bath in a safe way either by using a reedbed system of vetiver grass, or by producing duckweed in a water tank.
  • How to Succeed in Your Work
    • This book covers a variety of topics: how to Succeed in Your Work, how to write a resume, how to apply for a job, how to groom for an interview, how to appraise your work progress, how to manage a meeting, how to prepare a report, time management, managing stress, and how to work as a manager and how to decide if you should change jobs.
  • Human Rights, Health, and Poverty Reduction Strategies
    • This paper seeks to strengthen efforts to achieve the MDGs by helping policymakers incorporate human rights into the design and implementation of the health component of national poverty reduction strategies (PRSs).
  • Implementation of Free Basic Education Policy
    • The 2004 Education for All (EFA) working paper called User Fees in Primary Education identified user fees as a pervasive obstacle to primary school enrollment and completion for millions of children worldwide.
  • Indigenous Knowledge: Local Pathways to Global Development
    • This publication is the five-year-milestone of the Indigenous Knowledge for Development Program in the Africa Region of the World Bank. The main goal of the program is to learn from the knowledge embedded in the practices of local communities. In the issues of development the author brings up the problems of AIDS, Science and Technology, conflict resolution and natural resource management, using examples from multiple African countries. This report is contains a PDF file attached in either English, Swahili or French.
  • Integrating Poverty and Gender into Health Programmes
    • The World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific has undertaken a project to produce a Sourcebook to support the integration of poverty and gender concerns into health professional education curricula.
  • Integrating Poverty and Gender into Health Programmes: Module on Curricular Integration
    • The aim of this module is to strengthen the capacity of teachers, administrators, and those developing training materials to introduce changes into curricula that will ensure health professional curricula or courses include the concepts of gender, poverty and health.
  • Integrating Poverty and Gender into Health Programmes: Module on Gender Based Violence
    • This module is designed to improve the awareness, knowledge and skills of health professionals on gender-based violence (GBV). Health professionals are in a unique position to identify the problem, contribute to its prevention and assist victims.
  • Jatropha for Fencing and Oil
    • Information on the Jatropha (Jatropha Curcas L.) plant and its possible uses.
  • L’intégration des droits des femmes du Moyen-Orient et de l’Afrique du nord dans le Partenariat euro-méditerranéen
    • Describes discriminatory laws and practices against women in the Middle East & North Africa (MENA) region. Highlights the national, regional, and international networks and women’s initiatives that promote women’s rights, and analyses the extent of gender-mainstreaming into the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. (French translation)
  • Last in Line, Last in School: How Donors are Failing Children in Conflict-affected Fragile States
    • In recent years the international community has recognised that the right to education is achievable and has mobilised to make it a reality. But existing measures to support universal primary education (UPE) and achieve the education Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are not reaching children living in CAFS. These children are being denied the transformative effects that education can bring.
  • Learning to Survive: How Education for All Would Save Millions of Young People from HIV/AIDS
    • New research presented in this report shows that if every child completed primary school, at least 7 million new cases of HIV would be prevented over a decade. A good general education enables people to understand, evaluate, and apply facts, including facts about AIDS.
  • Local Leafy Vegetables
    • About various nutritious leafy vegetables locally found in Africa. How to grow and use them.
  • Maintenance of Wells and Water Posts
    • This article contains information on maintenance of wells and water posts.
  • Malaria and Children: Progress in Intervention Coverage
    • This report assesses progress in malaria control and analyses how well countries are making available key interventions that reduce the malaria burden. A particular emphasis is progress across sub-Saharan Africa—where countries face the greatest malaria burden.
  • Malted Grains, Fermented Foods
    • Describes how to make malted grains, which can be used for improving the nutritional value of the traditional baby foods in Southern Africa. Describes also how to make fermented gruel as a way of decreasing the frequency of diarrhea.
  • Manual on Communication for Water Supply and Environmental Sanitation Programmes
    • Experience from the health and education sectors and lessons learned have led us to make programming changes in the sector with a paradigm shift towards sanitation and hygiene education for behaviour change as well as community management of the water environment.
  • Maternal Health Fact Sheet
    • Fact sheet on improving maternal health.
  • Microfinance and Microenterprise
    • The purpose of this guide is to show you how to build public-private partnerships in the microfinance and microenterprise sector, defined here as microenterprise development, microfinance and other small-scale access to finance projects.
  • Microfinance from the Point of View of Women with Disabilities: Lessons from Zambia and Zimbabwe
    • In this article, the multiple barriers facing women with disabilities who wish to obtain microfinance are outlined. Research from Zambia and Zimbabwe highlights key issues facing disabled businesswomen, and recommendations are made that would enable development organisations to mainstream the experience and analysis of disabled women into their programmes. PDF format.
  • Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies, Chronic Crises, and Early Reconstruction
    • The Minimum Standards for Education in Emergencies (MSEE) are both a handbook and an expression of commitment, developed through a broad process of collaboration, that all individuals have a right to education during emergencies.
  • Mobilizing the Private Sector for Public Education
    • The accumulation of human capital is one of the top priorities in developing and developed countries alike. Historically, ensuring access to primary education has been seen as a predominantly public responsibility. However, governments are increasingly sharing this responsibility through a variety of subsidiary arrangements.
  • More Than Money: Strategies to Build Women's Economic Power
    • This report outlines key lessons learned from the Global Fund's three-year economic opportunity initiative.
  • Nations for Mental Health: A Focus on Women
    • A paper encouraging the development and implementation of policies to improve women's mental health. Developed by the World Health Organization. PDF format.
  • Never Again: Educational Reconstruction in Rwanda
    • "Never Again" covers the provision of education for the people of Rwanda, including internally displaced persons and returning refugees. It emphasizes the work of the Minstry of Education in reconstructing the education system.
  • No Child Born to Die: Closing the Gaps
    • In 2000, world leaders committed themselves to a dramatic reduction in child deaths by 2015. There has been extraordinary progress. Today, more than 4 million fewer children die each year than in 1990.
  • Nursery Production
    • This article is about producing seedlings in a nursery.
  • Photos on How to Build a Briquette Press
    • This is a press to produce briquettes, which can substitute for firewood and charcoal. A system was developed in Malawi where groups of women produce briquettes for their own use and for sale. The materials used are waste paper, saw dust, various leaves, grass, etc.
  • Pit Manual - The Use of the Fossa Alterna in a Peri-Urban Settlement
    • The Fossa alterna is a type of pit latrine where the concrete cover slab and the superstructure are moved between two permanently-sited shallow pits. The overall aim of the Fossa alterna is to make humus from the human excreta (feces and urine) which enters the pit.
  • Poverty and Disability: A Survey of the Literature
    • This review summarizes the literature on disability and its relationship to poverty, including education, employment, income, and access to basic social services. Despite the dearth of formal analysis, it is clear that in developing countries, as in more developed areas, disabled people (and their families) are more likely than the rest of the population to live in poverty.
  • Poverty and Disability: A critical review of the literature in low and middle-income countries (September 2011)
    • Reviews 963 peer-reviewed articles to examine the current evidence base for the link between disability, poverty, and health. The evidence base is found to be poor, resulting in a lack of appropriate benchmarks and indicators for measuring disability rights commitments, including poverty reduction.
  • Poverty and Hunger Fact Sheet
    • Fact sheet on eradicating poverty and hunger.
  • Poverty-Eradication and Sustainable Development
    • This occasional paper is an examination of the South African government's array of anti-poverty initiatives since 1992, within the context of a sustainable development framework. The challenges, successes and failures are explored and recommendations made for the attainment of the goal of poverty eradication.
  • Progrès pour les enfants: réaliser les OMD avec équité
    • Progrès pour les enfants: réaliser les OMD avec équité relate les actions accomplies jusqu'à présent, par rapport à la Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (OMD), mais révèle aussi les inégalités flagrantes qui doivent être éliminées pour rendre ce monde plus équitable pour les enfants.
  • Progreso para la Infancia: Lograr los ODM con Equidad
    • Este reporte informa sobre los logros alcanzados de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM) hasta la fecha, pero también revela las flagrantes disparidades que es preciso eliminar a fin de lograr un mundo más equitativo para la infancia. Progress for the Child: Achieving the MDGs with equity; This paper reports on progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to date, but also reveals the glaring disparities that must be removed to achieve a more equitable world for children.
  • Promoting Gender Equity and Empowering Young Women: A Training Manual
    • This manual instructs people how to work with young women in order to promote gender equity and empowerment for young women. This manual adresses topics such as women's sexual and reproductive rights, as well as how to address topics such as sexual violence and HIV/AIDS.
  • Protecting Our Planet - Securing Our Future: Linkages Among Global Environmental Issues and Human Needs
    • Protecting Our Planet - Securing Our Future: Linkages Among Global Environmental Issues and Human Needs, 1998 (NASA, UNEP, World Bank)
  • Report of the Evaluation of the Government of Rwanda – UNICEF Water and Environmental Sanitation Programme
    • This report presents the evaluation of the performance and impact of the Government of Rwanda–UNICEF Water and Environmental Sanitation (WES) Bridging Programme implemented in 66 of Rwanda’s 154 Communes during the period 1997-2000. The evaluation was conducted in 10 out of the 66 WES communes and represents an assessment of the Programme firstly in these 10 communes.
  • Rewrite the Future: Education for Children in Conflict-affected Countries
    • There are various factors keeping these children out of school, but one of the biggest barriers, and the most difficult to tackle, is conflict. As well as killing and injuring millions of children, conflict disrupts normal life, forces millions of families to flee their homes, separates children from their families, and reduces schools to rubble.
  • Seed Priming
    • How soaking seeds for half a day before sowing increases survival and yields.
  • Smart Sanitation Solutions
    • Examples of innovative, low-cost technologies for toilets, collection, transportation, treatment and use of sanitation products
  • Soil Conservation
    • How to avoid soil erosion and loss of valuable topsoil and nutrients.
  • Sustainable Building Technologies Library
    • Sustainable Building Technologies from the Library of SKAT Publications 2001
  • Sustaining Health Gains - Building Systems
    • A report on building and sustaining health systems.
  • Technologies Demonstrated at Echo: Briquette Presses for Alternate Fuel Use
    • A manual of how to build a briquette press, which can be used to produce briquettes from waste paper, leaves, sawdust and other organic material.
  • Tephrosia For Insect Control and For Green Manure
    • This article is about the efficient biopesticide called Tephrosia.
  • Tephrosia Vogelii for Insect Control and Green Manure
    • Describes how to use the plant Tephrosia, not only to improve the soil and reduce erosion, but also against problem insects in the crops.
  • The Arborloo Book
    • How to make a simple pit toilet and grow trees or make humus for the garden.
  • The Child Development Index 2012
    • During the last decade, the world witnessed unprecedented progress in child survival and children’s well-being. Millions of children were able to go to school for the first time, and many more were given a chance at life as mortality rates in most countries dropped dramatically.
  • The comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy
    • A comprehensive strategy to reducing poverty in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
  • The Moringa Tree is Called Mother's Best Friend
    • Describes how to use the Moringa tree as fencing, leaves for food, seeds for cooking oil and water purification.
  • The Sanitation Gap: Development’s Deadly Menace
    • Water and sanitary page.
  • The System of Conservation Farming
    • Twelve pages of information describing the after affects of poor farming strategies in countries like Zambia, Malawi, and Zimbabwe.
  • UNESCO Nairobi Cluster: United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development
    • This paper has been prepared by UNESCO-Nairobi and UNEP and is intended to guide in the development and implementation of strategic frameworks for DESD in the UNESCO Nairobi cluster countries. Its purpose is to inform national authorities responsible for education in the cluster countries on the goals of the Decade, the contextualization of ESD in Africa and at country level, the relevant policy issues, role of stakeholders, guidelines for implementation, monitoring and evaluation of DESD activities.
  • Universal Primary Education Fact Sheet
    • Fact sheet on achieving universal primary education.
  • Village Participation in Rural Development
    • This manual is intended to help practitioners at all levels to work efficiently and professionally with villagers as they assess their needs and under take their development activities.
  • Water - Soon a Rare Commodity
    • Presentation at DI Conference, Dec 2007. This presentation outlines some of the major factors affecting water supply in developing countries.
  • Water Harvesting
    • Describes how to harvest rainwater in the soil by growing crops between rows of vetiver grass. Describes also how to reduce water consumption for watering vegetables or flowers by using drum drip irrigation.
  • What is School Based Management
    • Even where children do have access to educational facilities, the quality of education that is provided is often very poor. This has become increasingly apparent in international learning tests such as Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), and Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), in which most of the students from developing countries fail to excel.
  • Where Peace Begins – Education’s Role in Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding
    • Part of the purpose of this report is to set out – on the basis of Save the Children’s experience – what we believe to be the impact of conflict on children and on their education. The report also sets out our understanding of how education can make conflicts worse and how education – the right sort of education – can support peace.
  • Working Paper No. 17: Intergenerational Poverty and Disability: The Implications of Inheritance Policy and Practice on Persons with Disabilities in the Developing World
    • Examines the existing data and discusses the implications of current inheritance policies and practices that affect people with disabilities and their families.