Category: Environment and Development

  • A Sustainable Investment Opportunity
    • World Bank bonds raise $25 - $35 billion annually in capital markets for investments in projects designed to alleviate poverty and promote sustainable and caring growth that protects natural resources, making World Bank bonds especially attractive for investors with ethical or sustainable investment strategies. Here you can learn about such projects and investing in sustainability.
  • Acid Mine Drainage: A Prolific Threat to South Africa’s Environment and Mining Industry
    • This paper investigates recent reports of acid mine drainage (AMD) in South Africa’s mines which have created new concerns with regard to the safety standards of South Africa’s mines as well as the authority’s ability to protect communities and the environment from these hazardous waste materials. In order to assess the impact of the situation, this paper investigates the origin of the problem and the initiatives that have being carried out by the Government as well as the mining sector in order to alleviate this dilemma.
  • Africa Past & Present: The Podcast about African History, Culture, and Politics. Episode 22: Malawi's Environmental History
    • Dr. Wapu Mulwafu (Univ. of Malawi) discusses the history of water use and management in Malawi, focusing on political and religious aspects of soil conservation and the importance of indigenous ecological knowledge and practices. He closes with insights on the challenges of “doing history” in Malawi.
  • Cities Farming for the Future: Urban Agriculture for Green and Productive Cities
    • Urban agriculture is the growing of plants and the raising of animals for food and other uses, and related processing and marketing activities, within and around cities and towns. In the past few years, it has received increasing attention from development organizations and national and local authorities in developing countries. With its multiple functions, urban agriculture plays an important role in urban poverty alleviation and social inclusion, urban food security, urban waste management, and urban greening.
  • Community-Based Conservation or Nature-Based Participation? Protecting Nature and People in Africa
    • This brief examines whether the ecological is – ultimately – protected at the expense of the social, i.e. whether community-based conservation truly benefits rural people or whether the participatory approach is merely a banner for elitist accumulation under nature-based development.
  • Earthlife Africa Jhb
    • Earthlife Africa is a non-profit organisation, founded in Johannesburg, South Africa, in 1988, that seeks a better life for all people without exploiting other people or degrading their environment. We want to encourage and support individuals, businesses and industries to reduce pollution, minimise waste and protect our natural resources.
  • Ecological Effects of Rice-Fish Culture
    • Benefits of farming fish and rice in the same field
  • Environment Strategy 2001 Document
    • The goal of the World Bank's Environment Strategy is to promote environmental improvements as a fundamental element of the development and poverty reduction strategies and actions. The Strategy has three interrelated objectives: improving people's quality of life, improving the prospects for and the quality of growth, and protecting the quality of the regional and global environmental commons.
  • Environmental Health Perspectives (EHP)
    • Environmental Health Perspectives is a monthly peer-reviewed journal of research and news published with support from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The mission of EHP is to serve as a forum for the discussion of the interrelationships between the environment and human health by publishing high-quality research and news of the field. The environmental health sciences include many fields of study and increasingly comprise a multidisciplinary research area. EHP publishes articles from a wide range of scientific disciplines encompassing basic research; epidemiologic studies; risk assessment; relevant ethical, legal, social, environmental justice, and policy topics; longitudinal human studies; and in vitro and in vivo animal research with a clear relationship to human health. Because children are uniquely sensitive to their environments, EHP devotes a research section specifically to issues surrounding children’s environmental health.
  • Environmental Health: an Islamic Perspective
    • Discusses the ways in which Islamic teachings and the views of Muslim physicians and scholars can be used to identify specific actions to protect the environment and thus promote human health. By Dr. Mohammad Haytham Al-Khayat, 1997, World Health Organization.
  • Equity, Poverty, and the Environment
    • Poverty reduction—especially for the poorest—can be greatly enhanced through policies that promote fair distribution of natural resource benefits. In high-inequity, high-poverty countries, equitable access and fair distribution can be more effective than economic growth alone in reducing poverty. Such reforms are often most effective in countries where natural resources dominate local economies and natural capital is particularly significant in determining the overall distribution of wealth. Even small changes in these policies can have a large effect on building the assets of the poor and reducing poverty.
  • External Constraints and Technology Adoption: Are Resource-poor Farmers in Africa Inherently Risk Averse?
    • This paper discusses the contentious view that resource-poor farmers in Africa are inherently risk averse given their tendency to under-invest in risky yet profitable crop technologies. The author argues that external constraints rather than risk preferences are the primary reason behind the observed under-investment in crop technologies. Specifically, the paper argues that it is the inability of resource-poor farmers to diffuse risk to third parties due to the unavailability of crop insurance and limited access to credit which engenders risk averse behaviour.
  • Food Security and Sustainable Development in Southern Africa
    • Southern Africa experienced acute food shortages during 2002 and 2003. Against this background, the authors of this occasional paper investigate the issues around food security, assess the outlook for global food security and draw their conclusions accordingly.
  • Friends of the Earth International Publications
    • Here you will find a large selection of publications relating to climate change, mining, eco justice, agriculture, forestry, and pollution.
  • Land Research Action Network
    • News, analysis and research on Land Reform and Agrarian Change around the world.
  • Low Carbon Farming: Benefits and Opportunities for Smallholder Farmers in Africa
    • This paper discusses some of the benefits to smallholder farmers of enhancing climate change mitigation through the use of low carbon farming techniques. While it is recognised that farmers in developing countries have contributed the least to global warming, it is imperative that they also adopt farming measures that reduce green house gas emissions such as zero tillage and the use of non-diesel pumps for irrigation. In addition to reducing carbon emissions, these techniques offer other benefits to smallholder farmers.
  • Practical Action
    • Practical Action is a development organization working in the UK. They provide practical tools and resources for people in need. The tools may be simple or sophisticated – but to provide long-term, appropriate and practical answers, they must be firmly in the hands of local people: people who shape technology and control it for themselves.
  • Sustainable Energy for Poverty Reduction: An Action Plan
    • Sustainable development will only happen if poverty is tackled and the environment is protected. It is a false dilemma to say that we either tackle poverty or we save the planet. ITDG (Practical Answers to Poverty) and Greenpeace believe that poverty can be tackled without costing the Earth. Crucial to both is the rapid expansion of clean, sustainable and renewable energy.
  • Trees in a Multifunctional Landscape: Agro-Forestry in Africa
    • This paper reports on the growing role of trees being used in a multi-functional landscape and the use and potential of agro-forestry systems in and for Africa. Further, this paper seeks to understand the role of trees and multiple-use plantations in Africa’s major forests.
  • World Resources Institute
    • WRI is a global environmental think tank that goes beyond research to put ideas into action. We have over 50 active projects working on aspects of global climate change, sustainable markets, ecosystem protection, and environmentally responsible governance.
  • WorldBank Blog: Climate Change
    • This is the WorldBank's blog with entries regarding global climate change, the economy, poverty, and global politics.