Category: Children and Youth and Poverty

  • African Child Policy Forum
    • Works to put African children on the public agenda, and, to that end, exert pressure where the political will is absent and provide support where it exists. Conducts research on the problems confronting African children and the policy options for addressing them; works with child rights organisations and governments to develop and implement effective pro-child policies and programmes.
  • Changing Social Policy: The Child Support Grant in South Africa
    • This article charts the generation of the Report of the Lund Committee, which ultimately resulted in the establishment of the Child Support Grant in post-apartheid South Africa. PDF format.
  • Child and Adolescent Mental Health Policies and Plans
    • This document aims to enable countries to develop and implement appropriate, evidence-based policies and plans for child and adolescent mental health, inform those ultimately responsible for mental health policies, share workable solutions to common problems experienced by many people, and identify other resources that offer additional tools or information. PDF format.
  • Defining Orphaned and Vulnerable Children
    • This research forms part of a broader project aimed at development and evaluation of interventions for orphaned and vulnerable children. This occasional paper aims to provide a definitional framework and an understanding of orphans and vulnerability.
  • Development, Health and the Environment: Factors Influencing Infant and Child Survival in South Africa
    • This occasional paper is an analysis of the health, environmental and socio-economic factors influencing infant and child survival amongst South Africa's African and coloured population.
  • Development, Implementation and Evaluation of Interventions for the Care of Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe
    • This occasional paper provides an overview of evidence-based interventions for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) in sub-Saharan Africa, focusing particularly on home-based services. Examples of projects in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe are detailed. Common principles of best practice that emerge from an assessment of these projects are highlighted.
  • Education and HIV/AIDS: Ensuring Education Access for Orphans and Vulnerable Children – A Training Module
    • This module is based on an analysis of information from two kinds of sources. The first is a review of current literature on OVC and their access to basic education. The second source of information is based on a series of interviews and discussions with many people who have field experience with orphans, access to education, subsidies, and social fund issues.
  • Education and HIV/AIDS: Window of Hope
    • The central message of this paper is that the education of children and youth merits the highest priority in a world afflicted by HIV/AIDS. This is because a good basic education ranks among the most effective—and cost-effective—means of HIV prevention.
  • Ethical Approaches to Gathering Information from Children and Adolescents in International Settings: Guidelines and Resources
    • This publication aims to provide practical guidance to help program managers and researchers understand and uphold ethical standards when planning and implementing information-gathering activities among children and adolescents, and promote discussion of ethical issues when working with children and adolescents among people of different backgrounds and training who gather information for different purposes.
  • Fertility: Current South African Issues of Poverty, HIV/AIDS & Youth
    • This collaborative volume details fertility trends in post-apartheid South Africa. Based on a 2002 conference, topics include the country's demographic fertility profile, determinants of fertility-related behaviours in the context of HIV/AIDS settings such as sexual initiation and contraceptive use and broader regional fertility issues.
  • Gender Mainstreaming in HIV/AIDS
    • Current trends of HIV transmission and prevalence clearly show that the epidemic is fuelled by gender-based vulnerabilities. Close to 60 per cent of adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa are women, and almost 75 per cent of young people living with HIV in southern Africa are female. It is also clear that issues of gender need to be mainstreamed into attempts to curb the further spread of the epidemic.
  • HIV Risk Exposure Among Young Children
    • A study of 2-9 year olds served by public health facilities in the Free State, South Africa Commissioned by Nelson Mandela Foundation; Olive Shisana; Shaheen Mehtar (Co-Principal Investigators).
  • HIV/AIDS, stigma and children
    • HIV/AIDS-related stigma has been recognised as a key problem that needs to be addressed in HIV/AIDS interventions with adults. The literature on children and HIV/AIDS is extensive, as is the literature on HIV/AIDS related stigma, but specific research on HIV/AIDS-related stigma and children is relatively sparse. This title provides a review of the available literature in this regard.
  • Learning to Survive: How Education for All Would Save Millions of Young People from HIV/AIDS
    • New research presented in this report shows that if every child completed primary school, at least 7 million new cases of HIV would be prevented over a decade. A good general education enables people to understand, evaluate, and apply facts, including facts about AIDS.
  • Malaria and Children: Progress in Intervention Coverage
    • This report assesses progress in malaria control and analyses how well countries are making available key interventions that reduce the malaria burden. A particular emphasis is progress across sub-Saharan Africa—where countries face the greatest malaria burden.
  • No Child Born to Die: Closing the Gaps
    • In 2000, world leaders committed themselves to a dramatic reduction in child deaths by 2015. There has been extraordinary progress. Today, more than 4 million fewer children die each year than in 1990.
  • Poverty Reduction Starts with Children
    • An article which argues that poverty reduction must start with investing in the rights of children. There is a cycle in poverty that passes from generation to generation which can only break when reaching out to the younger generations.
  • Rewrite the Future: Education for Children in Conflict-affected Countries
    • There are various factors keeping these children out of school, but one of the biggest barriers, and the most difficult to tackle, is conflict. As well as killing and injuring millions of children, conflict disrupts normal life, forces millions of families to flee their homes, separates children from their families, and reduces schools to rubble.
  • State of the World’s Children 2007
    • The State of the World’s Children 2007 examines the discrimination and disempowerment women face throughout their lives – and outlines what must be done to eliminate gender discrimination and empower women and girls. It looks at the status of women today, discusses how gender equality will move all the Millennium Development Goals forward, and shows how investment in women’s rights will ultimately produce a double dividend: advancing the rights of both women and children.
  • State of the World's Children 2009
    • The State of the World's Children 2009 is available as a report in English, French, Spanish and Arabic and as a multimedia version in English, French, Spanish and Arabic. To download the full report as a PDF click on the links below.
  • State of the World's Children Report 2008
    • The State of the World’s Children 2008 assesses the state of child survival and primary health care for mothers, newborns and children today. These issues serve as sensitive barometers of a country’s development and wellbeing and as evidence of its priorities and values.
  • The Child Development Index 2012
    • During the last decade, the world witnessed unprecedented progress in child survival and children’s well-being. Millions of children were able to go to school for the first time, and many more were given a chance at life as mortality rates in most countries dropped dramatically.
  • UNICEF Millennium Development Goals
    • Information on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) with an emphasis on children. Also describes the United Nation's Children's Fund (UNICEF) activities in relation to the MDGs.
  • United Nations World Youth Report 2007
    • The report explores major issues of concern to youth development, including employment, education, health, poverty and violence. At the same time, it highlights youth as a positive force for development and provides recommendations for supporting their essential contributions.