Category: Women and Girls and Poverty

  • Assisting in Emergencies
    • In times of upheaval, pregnancy-related deaths and sexual violence soar. Reproductive health services - including prenatal care, assisted delivery, and emergency obstetric care - often become unavailable. Young people become more vulnerable to HIV infection and sexual exploitation. And many women lose access to family planning services, exposing them to unwanted pregnancy in perilous conditions.
  • Caught in the Storm: The Impact of Natural Disasters
    • This article explores the disproportionate vulnerability of women in disaster situations and offers recommendations for changing the effects of disasters on women's lives.
  • Double Standards: Women's Property Rights Violations in Kenya
    • Looks at violations of women’s property rights (and the social consequences of these violations) as a result of discriminatory laws and customs, and the lack of remedies for those women who try to obtain justice from courts and traditional authorities.
  • Fertility: Current South African Issues of Poverty, HIV/AIDS & Youth
    • This collaborative volume details fertility trends in post-apartheid South Africa. Based on a 2002 conference, topics include the country's demographic fertility profile, determinants of fertility-related behaviours in the context of HIV/AIDS settings such as sexual initiation and contraceptive use and broader regional fertility issues.
  • Funding a Women’s Movement Against Sexual Violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo: 2004-2009
    • This article is an in-depth study of the underlying causes of violence in the region and how Global Fund support has helped women’s groups to promote women's leadership, peace, justice, and respect for human rights.
  • Gender Mainstreaming in HIV/AIDS
    • Current trends of HIV transmission and prevalence clearly show that the epidemic is fuelled by gender-based vulnerabilities. Close to 60 per cent of adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa are women, and almost 75 per cent of young people living with HIV in southern Africa are female. It is also clear that issues of gender need to be mainstreamed into attempts to curb the further spread of the epidemic.
  • Gender, Land and Livelihoods in East Africa: Through Farmers' Eyes
    • In rural Africa and the Middle East, many ecosystems are on the verge of collapse. The interplay of social, ecological and political-economic forces has compromised the ability of farmers to sustain their precious soil. As a result, farmers, especially women farmers, face a constant daily struggle to survive.
  • Girls’ Education in Africa: What Do We Know About Strategies That Work?
    • The purpose of this study is to assist countries to develop effective girls’ education strategies by providing a comprehensive review of what we know and do not know about successful strategies.
  • Girls’ Education in Rwanda
    • The 1994 genocide decimated Rwanda's fragile economic base, severely impoverishing the population, particularly women, and eroded the country's human resource base. All school activities were stopped for a year, school infrastructure was destroyed, and teachers and children were killed or displaced. Rwanda has much to do to rebuild its infrastructure and improve the quality of schooling for all children.
  • Global Fund for Women
    • This group promotes women’s economic security, health, education and leadership. It is an international network of women and men committed to a world of equality and social justice. They advocate for and defend women's human rights by making grants to support women's groups around the world.
  • Investing in Women and Girls in Africa: Is ‘Smart Economics’ and Brand Aid the Appropriate Approach?
    • This paper explores the potential impacts of a ‘Brand-Aid-smart-economics’ approach on some women in Africa and argues that it neglects to problematise several key issues. Notably, these development efforts 'instrumentalise' women and girls as vehicles of economically efficient dvelopment rather than autonomous subjects worthy of investment in the name of human rights and dignity.
  • L’intégration des droits des femmes du Moyen-Orient et de l’Afrique du nord dans le Partenariat euro-méditerranéen
    • Describes discriminatory laws and practices against women in the Middle East & North Africa (MENA) region. Highlights the national, regional, and international networks and women’s initiatives that promote women’s rights, and analyses the extent of gender-mainstreaming into the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership. (French translation)
  • Microfinance from the Point of View of Women with Disabilities: Lessons from Zambia and Zimbabwe
    • In this article, the multiple barriers facing women with disabilities who wish to obtain microfinance are outlined. Research from Zambia and Zimbabwe highlights key issues facing disabled businesswomen, and recommendations are made that would enable development organisations to mainstream the experience and analysis of disabled women into their programmes. PDF format.
  • More Than Money: Strategies to Build Women's Economic Power
    • This report outlines key lessons learned from the Global Fund's three-year economic opportunity initiative.
  • Nations for Mental Health: A Focus on Women
    • A paper encouraging the development and implementation of policies to improve women's mental health. Developed by the World Health Organization. PDF format.
  • Poverty and Maternal Mortality
    • Poverty remains the main obstacle to health development. Over 1.2 billion people live in extreme poverty in the world (less than $1 a day); 3 billion people worldwide are trapped in poverty (less than $2 a day); 800 million are hungry and 448 million children under five are underweight.
  • Poverty, Gender and Youth Program
    • Through the Poverty, Gender, and Youth program, Population Council staff members seek to understand the social dimensions of poverty, the determinants and consequences of gender inequality, the disparities that arise during adolescence, and the critical elements of a successful transition to adulthood in developing countries.
  • Promoting Gender Equity and Empowering Young Women: A Training Manual
    • This manual instructs people how to work with young women in order to promote gender equity and empowerment for young women. This manual adresses topics such as women's sexual and reproductive rights, as well as how to address topics such as sexual violence and HIV/AIDS.
  • Rwanda Launches Campaign to Keep Girls in School - Gender Parity
    • The five-year campaign, which was launched at a ceremony in the northern Rwandan town of Ruhengeri, compels communities and schools to address the existing gender imbalance by taking extra measures to encourage girls to enroll and stay in primary and secondary school.
  • SEEDS
    • presents innovative and practical program ideas to address the economic roles and needs of low-income women.
  • The Role of Women and Girls in Water and Sanitation
    • In much of the world, women and girls are traditionally responsible for domestic water supply and sanitation, and maintaining a hygienic home environment. As managers at the household level, women also have a higher stake in the improvement of water and sanitation services and in sustaining facilities.
  • UN Commission on the Status of Women Hears African Women's Concerns
    • An article regarding the status of women in Africa and their concerns.
  • Uneven progress for African women
    • Uneven progress for African women. Since the Beijing summit, only nine African countries have action plans.
  • UNFPA Gender Equality Web Page
    • This United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) webpage contains information on reproductive health and human rights.
  • UNICEF - Basic Education and Gender Equality
    • A rights-based approach to education will address inequalities in our societies that are deep-rooted and often gender-based. Such inequalities exclude millions of children, particularly girls, from school or condemn them to educational experiences of very poor quality.
  • United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women
    • The official United Nations site for learning about the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women.
  • Women Watch
    • WomenWatch is a joint UN project to create a core Internet space on global women's issues. It was created to monitor the results of the Fourth World Conference on Women, held in Beijing in 1995. It was founded in March 1997 by the Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW). *Includes copy of Beijing Platform for Action
  • Womens Health & Education Center (WHEC)
    • Women's health and status is a very complex and challenging issue for the developing and industrialized countries both. Women face enormous obstacles – prejudice, ostracism, domestic violence, poverty, hunger and virtually no access to medical care and life saving medicines. Site available in English, Spanish, French, Russian, Chinese, and Arabic.
  • World Bank - The Role of Gender in Bangladesh
    • This March 2008 report from the World Bank examines the role of gender in Bangladesh. Discusses the progress that has been achieved in promoting gender equality in health, education, and microcredit and remaining areas that need attention. Download either the full report (2.2 Mb) or individual chapters, all in PDF format.