History before 324 AD. Includes origins, Babylonian captivity, Hellenisitic post-exilic period, Hasmonean Kingdom post-exilic period, Roman rule, the disapora and the Late Roman period in the land of Israel.
Prolegomena to the History of Ancient Israel
- Wellhausen's theories about the development of the Old Testament are for Biblical criticism what Einstein is to physics. Wellhausen devised a new paradigm which explained many of the apparent inconsistencies in the Biblical texts. In the process, he upset many traditionalists who didn't like the concept that the early portions of the Bible were the product of four separate authors. Or that the Levitical code was redacted into the text by the priestly class at a very late date in the evolution of the Bible. Or that the Bible even evolved...